関係副詞

Relative Adverb

日本語は大まかな状況を説明しているだけで詳細な訳ではありません 。

関係節 で説明されているように英文には関係副詞と呼ばれる単語(when, where, why)で導かれる節が含まれる場合がありそれらの節は関係副詞節と呼ばれます。関係副詞の前には先行詞と呼ばれる名詞、代名詞、あるいは名詞句があり関係副詞節はそれらを修飾し形容詞の働きをします。

1. Relative adverb, where:
関係副詞、Where:

I will take you to the house.
I was born there.
I will take you to the house where I was born.
わたしが生まれた家に連れていくよ。

The church is near the gas station.
I used to go there every Sunday.
The church where I used to go every Sunday is near the gas station.
私が毎週日曜日に行っていた教会はガソリンスタンドの近くです。

The grocery store is at the corner.
I used to shop there.
The grocery store where I used to shop is at the corner.
私がよく買い物していた食品館はそこの曲がり角にあります。

That’s the coffee shop.
My wife and I met there for the first time.
That’s the coffee shop where my wife and I met for the first time.
そこのコーヒーショップが私と私の奥さんが出会った最初の場所です。

My girlfriend and I met at a restaurant on Kokusai Street.
She gave me a birthday present there.
My girlfriend and I met at a restaurant on Kokusai Street where she gave me a birthday present.
私と私のガールフレンドフレンドは国際通りのレットランで会い彼女はそこで私に誕生プレゼントをあげた。

That is the street with interesting shops.
Many tourists buy gift sets there for the New Year.
That is the street with interesting shops where many tourists buy gift sets for the New Year.
あそこが観光客がよく正月ギフトセットを買う店が多く並ぶ通りです。

2. Relative adverb, when:
関係副詞 when:

I remember the day.
I met her that day.
I remember the day when I met her.
私は彼女と出会った日を覚えてます。

I look forward to Friday.
My wife and I go out to dinner on that day every week.
I look forward to Friday when my wife and I go out to dinner every week.
私は毎週奥さんとディナーに行く金曜日を楽しみにしてます。

She likes shopping between one and two in the afternoon.
Stores are not very busy then.
She likes shopping between one and two in the afternoon when stores are not very busy.
彼女はあまり客のいない午後1時と2時の間に買い物するのが好きです。

I like to do my homework after midnight.
Everybody is in bed sleeping then.
I like to do my homework after midnight when everybody is in bed sleeping.
私は夜中の12時後みんなが寝ている間に宿題するのが好きです。

People love to sing and dance at Christmas Eve.
There is plenty of food and good cold beer then.
People love to sing and dance at Christmas Eve when there is plenty of food and good cold beer.
人々はたくさんのビールと食べ物があるクリスマスイブにダンスしたり歌ったりするのが好きです。

My favorite month is March.
Birds sing and flowers look vibrant then.
My favorite month is March when birds sing and flowers look vibrant.
鳥がさえずり花々が鮮やかな3月は私の好きな月です。

3. Relative adverb, why:
関係副詞 why:

There are many reasons.
People don’t get married.
There are many reasons why people don’t get married.
人々が結婚しない理由はたくさんあります。

Do you know the reason?
Shops are closed today.
Do you know the reason why shops are closed today?
今日店が閉まっている理由を知ってますか?

He told me the reason.
He quit the job in less than a year.
He told me the reason why he quit the job in less than a year.
彼はなぜ一年以内に仕事を辞めたのかを私に告げた。

Friends speculated on possible reasons.
The couple got divorce after more than thirty years of marriage.
Friends speculated on possible reasons why the couple got divorce after more than thirty years of marriage.
友人たちは夫婦がなぜ30年以上結婚の後離婚したのかを模索した。

He was talking on the cell phone.
The police stopped him.
Talking on the cell phone was the reason why the police stopped him.
携帯で話していた理由で彼は警察に止められた。

Iceberg is melting at alarming rate.
Scientists predict rising sea level in near future.
Melting iceberg at alarming rate is the reason why scientists predict rising sea level in near future.
氷河が驚くほど速く溶けているのが理由で科学者たちは近い将来の海面上昇を予測している。